پایان نامه ها و مقالات

پایان نامه با کلید واژگان Bound، Range، Std.، Lower

دانلود پایان نامه

ive Percent
Valid
Low
96
74.4
74.4
74.4

Moderate
33
25.6
25.6
100.0

Total
129
100.0
100.0

Table 4.4
Personal Model Frequency Statistics

Frequency
Percent
Valid Percent
Cumulative Percent
Valid
Low
104
80.6
80.6
80.6

Moderate
25
19.4
19.4
100.0

Total
129
100.0
100.0

Table 4.5
Facilitator Frequency Statistics

Frequency
Percent
Valid Percent
Cumulative Percent
Valid
Low
48
37.2
37.2
37.2

Moderate
81
62.8
62.8
100.0

Total
129
100.0
100.0

Table 4.6
Delegator Frequency Statistics

Frequency
Percent
Valid Percent
Cumulative Percent
Valid
Low
9
7.0
7.0
7.0

Moderate
120
93.0
93.0
100.0

Total
129
100.0
100.0

Tables 4.2 to 4.6 show that 113, 33, 25, 81, 120 participants in Expert, Formal Authority, Personal Model, Facilitator and Delegator teaching styles, respectively, had the moderate level of the styles. Moreover, Personal Model had the highest number of low category with 104 by contrast to delegator style with 9. In addition, two teachers had a high level of Expert teaching style which was, in effect, the only style with a high level.

4.2.2.2. Descriptive Statistics

Tables 4.7 to 4.11 also present the descriptive statistics on total autonomy and its subscales scores alone and the total autonomy and its subscales scores in terms of different levels of each teaching style separately.

Table 4.7
General, Curriculum and Total Autonomy Descriptives

Statistic
Std. Error
General Autonomy
Mean
35.8605
.32382

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
35.2197

Upper Bound
36.5012

5% Trimmed Mean
35.7933

Median
35.0000

Variance
13.527

Std. Deviation
3.67794

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
45.00

Range
16.00

Interquartile Range
6.00

Skewness
.249
.213

Kurtosis
-.645
.423
Curriculum Autonomy
Mean
16.8915
.26304

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.3710

Upper Bound
17.4119

5% Trimmed Mean
16.9875

Median
17.0000

Variance
8.926

Std. Deviation
2.98758

Minimum
8.00

Maximum
23.00

Range
15.00

Interquartile Range
3.00

Skewness
-.356
.213

Kurtosis
.545
.423
Autonomy
Mean
52.7519
.46093

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
51.8399

Upper Bound
53.6640

5% Trimmed Mean
52.6210

Median
52.0000

Variance
27.407

Std. Deviation
5.23514

Minimum
42.00

Maximum
68.00

Range
26.00

Interquartile Range
7.50

Skewness
.396
.213

Kurtosis
.028
.423

As Table 4.7 demonstrates, the mean of General, Curriculum and Total autonomy are 35.8605, 16.8915, 52.7519 respectively. In addition, the lowest skewness was proved to be for general autonomy .249 in comparison to curriculum and Total autonomy ( -.356, 0.396).

Table 4.8
General, Curriculum and Total Autonomy Descriptives for Different Levels of Expert Teaching Style

Expert
Statistic
Std. Error
General Autonomy
Low
Mean
35.4286
1.26541

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
32.6948

Upper Bound
38.1623

5% Trimmed Mean
35.3095

Median
33.0000

Variance
22.418

Std. Deviation
4.73472

Minimum
31.00

Maximum
42.00

Range
11.00

Interquartile Range
11.00

Skewness
.580
.597

Kurtosis
-1.563
1.154

Moderate
Mean
35.8584
.33469

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
35.1953

Upper Bound
36.5216

5% Trimmed Mean
35.7901

Median
35.0000

Variance
12.658

Std. Deviation
3.55786

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
45.00

Range
16.00

Interquartile Range
5.50

Skewness
.242
.227

Kurtosis
-.404
.451
Curriculum Autonomy
Low
Mean
18.0714
.85462

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.2251

Upper Bound
19.9177

5% Trimmed Mean
18.1349

Median
18.0000

Variance
10.225

Std. Deviation
3.19770

Minimum
13.00

Maximum
22.00

Range
9.00

Interquartile Range
6.00

Skewness
-.322
.597

Kurtosis
-1.249
1.154

Moderate
Mean
16.9027
.25639

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.3947

Upper Bound
17.4107

5% Trimmed Mean
16.9248

Median
17.0000

Variance
7.428

Std. Deviation
2.72542

Minimum
9.00

Maximum
23.00

Range
14.00

Interquartile Range
2.50

Skewness
-.087
.227

Kurtosis
.315
.451
Curriculum Autonomy
Low
Mean
53.5000
1.70890

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
49.8082

Upper Bound
57.1918

5% Trimmed Mean
53.4444

Median
53.0000

Variance
40.885

Std. Deviation
6.39411

Minimum
44.00

Maximum
64.00

Range
20.00

Interquartile Range
9.25

Skewness
.157
.597

Kurtosis
-.666
1.154

Moderate
Mean
52.7611
.47890

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
51.8122

Upper Bound
53.7099

5% Trimmed Mean
52.6431

Median
52.0000

Variance
25.916

Std. Deviation
5.09074

Minimum
42.00

Maximum
68.00

Range
26.00

Interquartile Range
7.00

Skewness
.400
.227

Kurtosis
.221
.451
a. General Autonomy is constant when Exp
ert = High. It has been omitted.
b. Curriculum Autonomy is constant when Expert = High. It has been omitted.
c. Autonomy is constant when Expert = High. It has been omitted.

این مطلب مشابه را هم بخوانید :   پایان نامه با کلید واژگانAutonomy، Moderate، Low، Range

Table 4.9
General, Curriculum and Total Autonomy Descriptives for Different Levels of Formal Authority Teaching Style

Formal authority
Statistic
Std. Error
General Autonomy
Low
Mean
35.5104
.36274

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
34.7903

Upper Bound
36.2305

5% Trimmed Mean
35.4676

Median
35.0000

Variance
12.631

Std. Deviation
3.55408

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
43.00

Range
14.00

Interquartile Range
5.00

Skewness
.153
.246

Kurtosis
-.760
.488

Moderate
Mean
36.8788
.67806

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
35.4976

Upper Bound
38.2600

5% Trimmed Mean
36.7660

Median
36.0000

Variance
15.172

Std. Deviation
3.89517

Minimum
30.00

Maximum
45.00

Range
15.00

Interquartile Range
7.00

Skewness
.374
.409

Kurtosis
-.808
.798
Curriculum Autonomy
Low
Mean
17.0625
.29536

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.4761

Upper Bound
17.6489

5% Trimmed Mean
17.1296

Median
17.0000

Variance
8.375

Std. Deviation
2.89396

Minimum
9.00

Maximum
22.00

Range
13.00

Interquartile Range
4.00

Skewness
-.303
.246

Kurtosis
-.018
.488

Moderate
Mean
16.3939
.56397

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
15.2452

Upper Bound
17.5427

5% Trimmed Mean
16.5152

Median
16.0000

Variance
10.496

Std. Deviation
3.23979

Minimum
8.00

Maximum
23.00

Range
15.00

Interquartile Range
2.50

Skewness
-.407
.409

Kurtosis
1.805
.798
Total Autonomy
Low
Mean
52.5729
.51762

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
51.5453

Upper Bound
53.6005

5% Trimmed Mean
52.5463

Median
52.0000

Variance
25.721

Std. Deviation
5.07158

Minimum
42.00

Maximum
64.00

Range
22.00

Interquartile Range
8.00

Skewness
.098
.246

Kurtosis
-.420
.488

Moderate
Mean
53.2727
.99836

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
51.2391

Upper Bound
55.3063

5% Trimmed Mean
52.8468

Median
52.0000

Variance
32.892

Std. Deviation
5.73516

Minimum
47.00

Maximum
68.00

Range
21.00

Interquartile Range
7.00

Skewness
.994
.409

Kurtosis
.648
.798

Table 4.10
General, Curriculum and Total Autonomy Descriptives for Different Levels of Personal Model Teaching Style

Personal model
Statistic
Std. Error
General Autonomy
Low
Mean
35.6827
.34817

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
34.9922

Upper Bound
36.3732

5% Trimmed Mean
35.6581

Median
35.0000

Variance
12.607

Std. Deviation
3.55064

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
43.00

Range
14.00

Interquartile Range
5.00

Skewness
.106
.237

Kurtosis
-.802
.469

Moderate
Mean
36.6000
.83267

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
34.8815

Upper Bound
38.3185

5% Trimmed Mean
36.4778

Median
36.0000

Variance
17.333

Std. Deviation
4.16333

Minimum
30.00

Maximum
45.00

Range
15.00

Interquartile Range
7.00

Skewness
.526
.464

Kurtosis
-.714
.902

Curriculum Autonomy
Low
Mean
17.1346
.27771

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.5839

Upper Bound
17.6854

5% Trimmed Mean
17.2009

Median
17.0000

Variance
8.021

Std. Deviation
2.83206

Minimum
9.00

Maximum
22.00

Range
13.00

Interquartile Range
3.75

Skewness
-.322
.237

Kurtosis
.099
.469

Moderate
Mean
15.8800
.68877

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
14.4585

Upper Bound
17.3015

5% Trimmed Mean
15.9333

Median
16.0000

Variance
11.860

Std. Deviation
3.44384

Minimum
8.00

Maximum
23.00

Range
15.00

Interquartile Range
3.00

Skewness
-.189
.464

Kurtosis
1.616
.902
Autonomy
Low
Mean
52.8173
.49224

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
51.8411

Upper Bound
53.7936

5% Trimmed Mean
52.8205

Median
52.5000

Variance
25.199

Std. Deviation
5.01989

Minimum
42.00

Maximum
64.00

Range
22.00

Interquartile Range
8.00

Skewness
-.016
.237

Kurtosis
-.490
.469

Moderate
Mean
52.4800
1.23169

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
49.9379

Upper Bound
55.0221

5% Trimmed Mean
51.9444

Median
51.0000

Variance
37.927

Std. Deviation
6.15846

Minimum
47.00

Maximum
68.00

Range
21.00

Interquartile Range
8.50

Skewness
1.474
.464

Kurtosis
1.492
.902

Table 4.11
General, Curriculum and Total Autonomy Descriptives for Different Levels of Facilitator Teaching Style

Facilitator
Statistic
Std. Error
General Autonomy
Low
Mean
35.0625
.48048

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
34.0959

Upper Bound
36.0291

5% Trimmed Mean
34.9815

Median
35.0000

Variance
11.081

Std. Deviation
3.32883

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
42.00

Range
13.00

Interquartile Range
4.00

Skewness
.539
.343

Kurtosis
-.176
.674

Moderate
Mean
36.3333
.42346

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
35.4906

Upper Bound
37.1761

5% Trimmed Mean
36.2874

Median
37.0000

Variance
14.525

Std. Deviation
3.81117

Minimum
29.00

Maximum
45.00

Range
16.00

Interquartile Range
6.00

Skewness
.064
.267

Kurtosis
-.713
.529
Curriculum Autonomy
Low
Mean
17.0417
.47542

95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound
16.0852

Upper Bound
17.9981

5% Trimmed Mean
17.1759

Median
17.0000

Variance
10.849

Std. Deviation
3.29383

Minimum
9.00

Maximum
22.00

Range
13.00

Interquartile

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